Infectious Diseases
Focus Vocabulary
Description Learn vocabulary about infectious Diseases. English and Spanish.
Instructions 1- Look at the words and think of its meaning (and maybe pronunciation)
2- Move your mouse over the black button to check your answer.
3- If you were right, click on the green button, if wrong, click on the red.
Item Match Pronunciation Comments
quarantine cuarentena /'kwɒrənti:n/
A strict isolation imposed to prevent the spread of disease.
morbidity morbidez /mɔ:*'bɪdɪtɪ/ Incidence of a disease.
immunization inmunización /ɪmiʊnaɪ'zeiʃən/ Inoculation against illness.
to infect contagiar, infectar /ɪn'fekt/
patient zero paciente cero /'peɪʃənt 'zɪərəʊ/ The first case or onset of a catastrophic trend.
immune system sistema inmunológico /ɪ'miu:n 'sɪstəm/ A complex system of cellular and molecular components having the primary functions of distinguishing self from not self and of defense against foreign organisms or substances.
meningitis meningitis /mənɪn'dʒaɪtɪs/ A disease marked by inflammation of the meninges that is either a relatively mild illness caused by a virus or a more severe life-threatening illness caused by a bacterium.
epidemic disease enfermedad epidémica /epɪ'demɪk dɪ'zi:z/ Any infectious disease that develops and spreads rapidly to many people.
fatality rate tasa de mortalidad /fə'tælɪtɪ reɪt/ Also know as 'mortality rate' is a measure of the number of deaths in a population.
bacteria bacteria(s) /bæk'tɪərɪə/ "Bacteria" is technically the plural form of "bacterium". However, in everyday usage, we normally use "bacteria," and it is often treated as a singular. It's a one celled organism.
to mutate mutar /miu:'teɪt/
to transmit transmitir /trænz'mɪt/
medical isolation aislamiento médico /'medɪcəl aɪsə'leɪʃən/ Isolation refers to the precautions that are taken in the hospital to prevent the spread of an infectious agent
to prevent prevenir /prɪ'vent/
virus virus /'vaɪərəs/ Ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic.
Public Health System sistema público de salud /'pʌblɪk helθ 'sɪstəm/
pathogenic patógeno /pæθə'dʒenɪk/ Capable of causing disease.
host portador /həʊst/ Any organism on or in which a parasitic organism lives.
drug fármaco /drʌg/
deadly virus virus mortal /'dedlɪ 'vaɪərəs/
incubation period periodo de incubación /ɪnkiʊ'beɪʃən 'pɪərɪəd/ The time between exposure to an infectious disease and the appearance of the first signs or symptoms.
World Health Organization (WHO) Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system.
(infection) control measures medidas de control /kən'trəʊl 'meʒə*z/ Any action and activity that can be used to prevent or eliminate a safety hazard or reduce it to an acceptable level.
ebola ébola /i:'bəʊlə/ A severe and often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees) caused by the Ebola virus.
medical treatment tratamiento médico /'medɪkəl 'tri:tmənt/ The care and management of a patient to combat, ameliorate, or prevent a disease, disorder, or injury.
monitoring seguimiento /'mɒnɪtərɪŋ/
Continuous or frequent periodic clinical assessment.
acute illness enfermedad aguda /ə'kiu:t 'ɪlnɪs/ A disease with an abrupt onset.
bodily fluids fluidos corporales /'bɒdɪlɪ 'flu:ɪds/ They are liquids originating from inside the bodies of living people.
biohazard riesgo biológico /bəɪə'hæzə*d/ Hazard to humans or the environment resulting from biological agents or conditions.
epidemic epidemia /epɪ'demɪk/
An outbreak or unusually high occurrence of a disease or illness in a population or area.
pathogenic germ germen patógeno /pæθə'dʒenɪk dʒɜ:*m/ A microorganism that produces disease.
mucous membranes membranas mucosas /'mju:kəs membreɪnz/ A mucus-secreting membrane that lines body cavities or passages that are open to the external environment.
symptom síntoma /'sɪmptəm/
disease dolencia, enfermedad (específica) /dɪ'zi:z/
illness enfermedad /'ɪlnɪs/
carrier portador /'kærɪə*/ An organism that has the disease but shows no sign of it. It serves as a host for a pathogen and can transmit it to others, but is immune to it.
human to human transmission transmisión entre humanos
typhoid fever fiebre tifoidea /'taɪfɔɪd 'fi:və*/ An acute, highly infectious disease caused by a bacillus (Salmonella typhi) transmitted chiefly by contaminated food or water.
drug treatment tratamiento farmacológico /drʌg 'tri:tmənt/
medicine medicamento /'medɪsɪn/
infectious disease enfermedad infecciosa /ɪn'fekʃəs dɪ'zi:z/ A disease caused by a microorganism or other agent, such as a bacterium, fungus, or virus, that enters the body of an organism.
outbreak brote /'aʊtbreɪk/ A disease outbreak is the occurrence of cases of disease in excess of what would normally be expected in a defined community, geographical area or season.
malaria malaria /mə'leərɪə/ An infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito.
vector portador /'vektər/ A carrier that transfers an infective agent from one host to another.
endemic endémico /en'demɪk/ Relating to a disease or pathogen that is found in or confined to a particular location, region, or people.
incubation period periodo de incubación /ɪnkjə'beɪʃən 'pɪərɪəd/ The time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agent until signs and symptoms of the disease appear.
side effect efectos secundarios /saɪd ɪ'fekt/
cholera cólera /'kɒlərə/ An acute infectious disease of the small intestine, caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
supportive care cuidados paliativos /sə'pɔ:*tɪv keə*/ Care given to improve the quality of life of patients who have a serious or life-threatening disease.
airborne virus virus aéreo /'eə*bɔ:n 'vaɪərəs/ Airborne diseases are spread when droplets of pathogens are expelled into the air due to coughing, sneezing or talking.
microbe microbio /'maɪkrəʊb/ A microorganism, especially a bacterium that causes disease.
protective gear equipo de protección /prə'tektɪv gɪə*/ Clothing especially designed, fabricated, or treated to protect personnel against hazards.
interferon interferón /ɪntə*'fɪərɒn/ Protein in immune system.
clinical protocol protocolo clínico /'klɪnɪkəl 'prəʊtəkɒl/ Also called 'clinical guideline' or 'clinical practice guideline'. It's a document with the aim of guiding decisions and criteria regarding diagnosis, management and treatment in specific areas of healthcare.
virus family cepa /'vaɪərəs 'fæmɪlɪ/
vaccine vacuna /'væksi:n/ A preparation of a weakened or killed pathogen, such as a bacterium or virus, or of a portion of the pathogen's structure that upon administration stimulates antibody production or cellular immunity against the pathogen but is incapable of causing severe infection.
antibody anticuerpo /'æntɪbɒdɪ/ Any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response.
to diagnose diagnosticar /'daɪəgnəʊz/
antibiotic antiobiótico /æntɪbaɪ'ɒtɪk/
diagnosis diagnóstico /daɪəg'nəʊsɪs/
Total number of items: 60
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