Infectious Diseases
Focus Vocabulary
Description Learn vocabulary about infectious Diseases. English and Spanish.
Instructions 1- Look at the words and think of its meaning (and maybe pronunciation)
2- Move your mouse over the black button to check your answer.
3- If you were right, click on the green button, if wrong, click on the red.
Item Match Pronunciation Comments
to prevent prevenir /prɪ'vent/
drug treatment tratamiento farmacológico /drʌg 'tri:tmənt/
meningitis meningitis /mənɪn'dʒaɪtɪs/ A disease marked by inflammation of the meninges that is either a relatively mild illness caused by a virus or a more severe life-threatening illness caused by a bacterium.
epidemic epidemia /epɪ'demɪk/
An outbreak or unusually high occurrence of a disease or illness in a population or area.
diagnosis diagnóstico /daɪəg'nəʊsɪs/
to transmit transmitir /trænz'mɪt/
endemic endémico /en'demɪk/ Relating to a disease or pathogen that is found in or confined to a particular location, region, or people.
pathogenic germ germen patógeno /pæθə'dʒenɪk dʒɜ:*m/ A microorganism that produces disease.
morbidity morbidez /mɔ:*'bɪdɪtɪ/ Incidence of a disease.
outbreak brote /'aʊtbreɪk/ A disease outbreak is the occurrence of cases of disease in excess of what would normally be expected in a defined community, geographical area or season.
host portador /həʊst/ Any organism on or in which a parasitic organism lives.
antibody anticuerpo /'æntɪbɒdɪ/ Any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response.
bodily fluids fluidos corporales /'bɒdɪlɪ 'flu:ɪds/ They are liquids originating from inside the bodies of living people.
carrier portador /'kærɪə*/ An organism that has the disease but shows no sign of it. It serves as a host for a pathogen and can transmit it to others, but is immune to it.
human to human transmission transmisión entre humanos
epidemic disease enfermedad epidémica /epɪ'demɪk dɪ'zi:z/ Any infectious disease that develops and spreads rapidly to many people.
virus family cepa /'vaɪərəs 'fæmɪlɪ/
patient zero paciente cero /'peɪʃənt 'zɪərəʊ/ The first case or onset of a catastrophic trend.
(infection) control measures medidas de control /kən'trəʊl 'meʒə*z/ Any action and activity that can be used to prevent or eliminate a safety hazard or reduce it to an acceptable level.
airborne virus virus aéreo /'eə*bɔ:n 'vaɪərəs/ Airborne diseases are spread when droplets of pathogens are expelled into the air due to coughing, sneezing or talking.
biohazard riesgo biológico /bəɪə'hæzə*d/ Hazard to humans or the environment resulting from biological agents or conditions.
to diagnose diagnosticar /'daɪəgnəʊz/
malaria malaria /mə'leərɪə/ An infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito.
illness enfermedad /'ɪlnɪs/
clinical protocol protocolo clínico /'klɪnɪkəl 'prəʊtəkɒl/ Also called 'clinical guideline' or 'clinical practice guideline'. It's a document with the aim of guiding decisions and criteria regarding diagnosis, management and treatment in specific areas of healthcare.
virus virus /'vaɪərəs/ Ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic.
infectious disease enfermedad infecciosa /ɪn'fekʃəs dɪ'zi:z/ A disease caused by a microorganism or other agent, such as a bacterium, fungus, or virus, that enters the body of an organism.
acute illness enfermedad aguda /ə'kiu:t 'ɪlnɪs/ A disease with an abrupt onset.
supportive care cuidados paliativos /sə'pɔ:*tɪv keə*/ Care given to improve the quality of life of patients who have a serious or life-threatening disease.
medical isolation aislamiento médico /'medɪcəl aɪsə'leɪʃən/ Isolation refers to the precautions that are taken in the hospital to prevent the spread of an infectious agent
monitoring seguimiento /'mɒnɪtərɪŋ/
Continuous or frequent periodic clinical assessment.
immunization inmunización /ɪmiʊnaɪ'zeiʃən/ Inoculation against illness.
protective gear equipo de protección /prə'tektɪv gɪə*/ Clothing especially designed, fabricated, or treated to protect personnel against hazards.
to infect contagiar, infectar /ɪn'fekt/
bacteria bacteria(s) /bæk'tɪərɪə/ "Bacteria" is technically the plural form of "bacterium". However, in everyday usage, we normally use "bacteria," and it is often treated as a singular. It's a one celled organism.
vector portador /'vektər/ A carrier that transfers an infective agent from one host to another.
Public Health System sistema público de salud /'pʌblɪk helθ 'sɪstəm/
typhoid fever fiebre tifoidea /'taɪfɔɪd 'fi:və*/ An acute, highly infectious disease caused by a bacillus (Salmonella typhi) transmitted chiefly by contaminated food or water.
medical treatment tratamiento médico /'medɪkəl 'tri:tmənt/ The care and management of a patient to combat, ameliorate, or prevent a disease, disorder, or injury.
incubation period periodo de incubación /ɪnkiʊ'beɪʃən 'pɪərɪəd/ The time between exposure to an infectious disease and the appearance of the first signs or symptoms.
microbe microbio /'maɪkrəʊb/ A microorganism, especially a bacterium that causes disease.
cholera cólera /'kɒlərə/ An acute infectious disease of the small intestine, caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
vaccine vacuna /'væksi:n/ A preparation of a weakened or killed pathogen, such as a bacterium or virus, or of a portion of the pathogen's structure that upon administration stimulates antibody production or cellular immunity against the pathogen but is incapable of causing severe infection.
disease dolencia, enfermedad (específica) /dɪ'zi:z/
medicine medicamento /'medɪsɪn/
incubation period periodo de incubación /ɪnkjə'beɪʃən 'pɪərɪəd/ The time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agent until signs and symptoms of the disease appear.
drug fármaco /drʌg/
to mutate mutar /miu:'teɪt/
symptom síntoma /'sɪmptəm/
fatality rate tasa de mortalidad /fə'tælɪtɪ reɪt/ Also know as 'mortality rate' is a measure of the number of deaths in a population.
antibiotic antiobiótico /æntɪbaɪ'ɒtɪk/
side effect efectos secundarios /saɪd ɪ'fekt/
interferon interferón /ɪntə*'fɪərɒn/ Protein in immune system.
mucous membranes membranas mucosas /'mju:kəs membreɪnz/ A mucus-secreting membrane that lines body cavities or passages that are open to the external environment.
quarantine cuarentena /'kwɒrənti:n/
A strict isolation imposed to prevent the spread of disease.
ebola ébola /i:'bəʊlə/ A severe and often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees) caused by the Ebola virus.
pathogenic patógeno /pæθə'dʒenɪk/ Capable of causing disease.
deadly virus virus mortal /'dedlɪ 'vaɪərəs/
immune system sistema inmunológico /ɪ'miu:n 'sɪstəm/ A complex system of cellular and molecular components having the primary functions of distinguishing self from not self and of defense against foreign organisms or substances.
World Health Organization (WHO) Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system.
Total number of items: 60
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