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BLACK AMERICAN ENGLISH ACCENT
(vs BrE and AmE)

The black population in Great Britain have no special accent, they speak English just the same as the rest of the population. But black people in America, for historical reasons, have their own dialect, sometimes called "Ebonics". They have many differences in vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, and sometimes it is almost impossible to understand them. It all depends, of course, on how dialectal they speak; most black people today speak a variety of black English more or less similar to standard American English (except, perhaps, in pronunciation), but part of the black population still speak a variety of their dialect so pure that the rest of the population simply can't understand them.

This video link is an example of "soft black accent", the language is quite standard, only the pronunciation partly identifies this singer as a "black speaker": Forever. And this other is an example of "hard black accent", the accent is black, and so are the vocabulary and grammar (but curiously enough, the singer is a white man who was raised in a black neighbourhood): Informer, and another video with black singers: Pass the dutchie.

In pronunciation, their accent is basically American English but with some things that makes them closer to British English than the rest of the American population. Here we are only going to talk about some important differences.

Blue Bullet THE LETTER R

The way black people pronounce the R is basically the same as in BrE, that is, they only pronounce the R when it is followed by a vowel.

sorry arrow3 BrE, Black English and rest of AmE /sɒrɪ/
teacher arrow3 BrE & Black English /ti:tʃə/, standard AmE /ti:tʃər/

Blue Bullet FINAL SCHWA / ə /

A final Schwa is pronounced very very weak in both BrE and AmE, but if it happens at the end of speech (if after the schwa we pause or stop), then in BrE it often opens and becomes a sound very similar to / ʌ /, but in AmE it doesn't change.

teacher arrow3 US /ti:tʃər/ in BrE it sounds similar to BrE /ti:ʌ / (but in the phonetic transcription we still use a / ə /
Black English is a bit mixed here, some people open the final schwa and some don't.

Blue Bullet THE CONSONANT -T-

In BrE this consonant sounds / t / in front of a vowel or between vowels. In American English it sounds / t / in front of a vowel, but it is flapped when it goes between vowels, like a quick / d / (we'll use the special symbol: / D / ) [it sounds like the Spanish or Italian flapped R, as in "cara"]

tourist arrow3 BrE /tɔ:rɪst/ US /tɔ:rɪst/
Peter arrow3 BrE /pi:tə/ US /pi:Dər/

But in colloquial BrE that also happens. The difference is that the sound / D / occurs only in colloquial BrE, but in AmE that is the only possibility when the T goes between vowels (it is not optional, it's mandatory).

Some black people pronounce this intervocalic vowel like the British do, and some pronounce it like the rest of Americans do, that is, some say / t / and some say / ʀ /. Besides, the authentic black / t / has no explosion, like that of BrE or AmE, so it sounds more similar to Spanish / t / than to English / t / , that is, more similar to English / d / .

Blue Bullet PRONUNCIATION OF TH / ð /

/ ð / is usually pronounced / d / arrow3 this /dɪs/

Black American English is not only a linguistic issue, it is also a social issue with its positive and negative implications. If you are interested in this topic you can watch this documentary, you'll learn about the language, its history and also the social implications.

 

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