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10 Letters We Dropped From The Alphabet (austinmcconnell)

Think you know the English language? Here are 10 letters folks used to use, but didn't quite stand the test of time. Elemenopee, my homies.

Note: Automatic generated script. Mostly correct but not entirely.

So fans of this channel will already . know that i'm a big fan of reading and . being a fan of reading means that i've . got a special place in my heart for . letters. you remember letters right they're the . building blocks of words you've learned . him in school all 26 of them if you're . an english speaker like me . these 26 letters are like you know a big . deal they're the foundation for the . communication of ideas along with the . ten basic numbers these relatively . simple and fundamental symbols are . routinely combined to express . information and while the occasional . i guess 280 character tweet can cause us . to somewhat lose faith in the future of . humanity without these characters things . would be pretty awful see these 26 . letters they're dependable once you . learn them you rely on them they're . always there and you can count on them . to never change right well not quite . because as you're gonna learn today the . alphabet is you know it wasn't always . this way so here are 10 letters we . dropped from the alphabet that's right . 10 letters that everybody used to know . about news but have since been purged . from history i know you're still reeling . from this concept i'd be dumbfounded too . if i had just learned that my entire . life was a war but not to worry maybe by . the end of this you'll have found a new . outlook on existence itself but we're . just getting started down the rabbit . hole for now so strap in let's start . things off easy with letter number 1 the . long s now some of you have probably . already run into the long ass while . perusing old books or walking around . colonial williamsburg during your annual. family vacation probably happened like . this you came across a word that should . have had an s in it but instead you . found this funky-looking f thing don't . worry the publishers of paradise lost. weren't dumb enough to have a typo on . the front cover of their book this is . the long s you're probably thinking ok . ok i get it they just used this instead . of a lowercase s back then but that's . not entirely true . the modern lowercase s was around even. back then and used just as often as its . long counterpart in fact there was a. ridiculously overly complicated set of. rules to determine which s to use and . where basically you use a long s . whenever you've got a word that uses a . single s or when a word uses two s's at . once in which case the long s is used as . the first s and then you use the regular . s as the second s but only if that s is . at the beginning or in the middle of the . in question claire's mud right everybody . else eventually thought so because the . long ass got the boot at the start of . the 19th century his letters got a bit . modernized this purely stylistic . substitute was seen as unnecessarily. complicated so it becomes letter number. one on our death list letter number two . ampersand now okay this one is still . used occasionally in fact you probably . already know what it means ampersand is . a letter that means and you're probably . thinking austin ampersand is a symbol . not a letter oakland travel food as . recently as two centuries ago ampersand. was considered the 27th letter of the . alphabet often just called and so . instead of singing daddy u x y z little . latin speaking kids would sing daddy u x . y z and per se and that ending . eventually got strung together by. english speakers and became ampersand . with the invention of text messaging and . twitter character limits ampersand has . had a bit of a renaissance in recent . years but i doubt it'll get added back . as letter 27 in english textbooks . anytime soon number three thorn hey . here's a question you ever drive by some . dive downtown and it's got a sign. outside that says ye old brick tavern or . something like that i actually see it . quite a lot my favorite in my hometown . of springfield missouri is this little. car wash that's affectionately called. the old buggy bath buggy anyway it might . interest you to know that that why on ye . isn't actually a y at all but was a . derivative of our third letter thorn in . a nutshell thorn was a letter meant to . represent th if you ask me it looks . pretty sweet but german and italian . printers didn't have that symbol on . their type sets so eventually the symbol . was replaced with a funny-looking y . though it still held its original . pronunciation so even though this looks . like the old buggy bath back then they . just pronounced it as well yeah the old . buggy bath because the y wasn't a y it . was a thorn sorry if that like you know . burst your historic bubble if you . thought otherwise . number four that this is basically just . a remix of the letter thorn you just . draw a line through the top like . ampersand this letter was used as. shorthand this time for the word that it . actually caught on fairly quickly and . lasted even longer than the original . letter thor. did it was probably most widely used in . religious writings so if you happen to . have some old english bible commentaries. lying around just crack them open you'll . be sure to find it number 5 f f is a . little thorne wannabe i am not a fan . look at its stupid face it's just a d . with a line through it. get your own gag you poser so long story . short f was also used as a symbol for th . but a different kind of th what do you . mean different kind th sounds the same . on everything oh yeah check this out. thoughtful thing this them and your the . thunderous difference one of them is . something called a voiceless dental . fricative the other is called a voiced . dental fricative oh yeah . i have words number 6 ash this thing is . basically an a and e smashed together . you might see it occasionally in words . like ether and yawn if you're reading a . sci-fi or fantasy novel that wants to . look cool in old english ash represented . to sound somewhere between a and e. essentially like you would pronounce the . a and cat or there abouts as you might . imagine having a letter meant to. represent a sound somewhere between two . other sounds is not very definitive so . ash fell out of common use though it's . still around in lots of other dialects . but i'm sure you already knew that . because you are way smarter than me . number seven ethyl the letter that . everyone's great-aunt is named after . ethyl looks a bit like our previous . letter and likewise has a lot to do with . pronunciation specifically words with a . long e so we're talking subpoena fetus . and the such like the pronunciation in. question will depend if it is a latin . word or a greek word and if you want to . know how to find out the language of . origin then simply shoot a friend. request over to the closest script . spelling bee judge and i'm sure that . they would be more than happy to tell . you number eight win so this one's . pretty cool . it's a letter that basically came in . second when the english opened up the . phone lines for public voting you might . not know it but there was a time when . english scribes didn't actually have a . letter to represent the wolf sound see . english gets a lot of its alphabet from . latin and the sound would doesn't really . get a lot of airtime in that circle . english writers had to figure out a way . to make one they started by just putting . two used together but lots of scribes . really hated that design . it looked odd and it took too long to . write out so the letter winn was . proposed . when was used for a bit and scribes . really liked it but for whatever reason. folks really couldn't break the habit of . just using those to use eventually the . court of public opinion weighed in and . the to use went out becoming the de . facto letter that we know today as w . well i bet you never knew that number 9 . my personal favorite yeah okay it's . beautiful beautiful i love that design . we should use it for something so yaak . was used for that joy's that you make in . the back of your throat when you say . names like bach or the loch ness monster . sadly the confusion that it caused with . the letter 3 ultimately doomed it from . becoming permanent it was quickly . abandoned and replaced with the gh combo . interestingly the sound that it . indicates has sadly become silent in . english like though or daughter i'd . personally like to see y'all make a . comeback but as long as that pesky . number 3 keeps using the same symbol . it'll likely never happen and finally . number 10 egg our last letter is a great . example of a letter that should work . great in theory but creates too many . problems in practice egg was created by . a dude named alexander gill the elder in . 1619 he was an english scholar and . spelling reformer which evidently was a . viable career choice in the 17th century. gill was big on egg he wanted it to . replace the letter combination in g and . tried to soft open it in many of his . writings so king would look like this . thing would look like this singing would . look like this it don't make sense . sort of but g was really popular in . letter land at the time and printers . really struggled to implement gills . design readers had a hard time . differentiating em from in especially if . the ink started to fade and it wasn't . too long before the letter faded from . use as well but hey you know what . there's nothing stopping you from using . it if you want the letters actually . still around on international phonetic . alphabet keyboards just throwing that. out there in fact there's nothing . stopping you from bringing any of these . puppies back on the scene all it'll take . is stubborn determination and the . convincing of an entire civilization so. why not get started today by sharing . this video with everybody on your . friends list or social media feed let . everybody know that . you're an intellectual guy because you. watch intellectual videos just like this . share this video with everyone that you . know and everyone you know will know . that you are very smart and . exceptionally clever the very future of . english depends on you videos like this . tickle your fancy want to see more get . behind-the-scenes access by backing me . on patreon exclusive content and you can . even request a video topic one buck a . month to get in on the ground floor . shout out to this video sponsors so. that's that hope you learned a little . something today don't forget to like and . subscribe for more or don't i don't . really care . .

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