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Relative clauses

Relative clauses
Activity Fill in the Gaps
Activity Fill in the Gaps
Practise making relative sentences.
 

Content preview

Instructions

Complete these relative sentences using the right connector and construction. Use the -TAB- key on your computer keyboard to move from one box to the next.
 

Note for this activity:  When necessary, use WHO or WHICH but never THAT, and never drop it.


Relative clauses tell something about a noun which we call the antecedent.
 
     That man is Kevin. He is talking to your father
     = The man    who is talking to your father   is Kevin
    antecedent   └─┼───relative clause───┘
                    relative connector                              
 
The man is Kevin, OK, but, who is Kevin? Well, he is the person who is talking to your father. So a relative clause gives us more information about the antecedent (the man).

      I’ve got a book. It’s very interesting
      = I’ve got a book which is very interesting
 
When the antecedent is a person, we use the relative pronoun WHO. When it is a thing, we use WHICH.
 
The relative pronoun does two things: it is a connector and it can be the subject or the object of the relative clause (just the same function as the antecedent would do itself).

WHO and WHICH may both be replaced by THAT
      The person who/that comes here first will have it
      The house which/that I want is near here
 
When there is possession (for both people or things) we use WHOSE.
      The house whose windows are broken is Tony’s
      I met a girl whose name was Molly
 
When the antecedent is a whole sentence, we use the connector ",WHICH"
      She's always smiling, which is very nice
 
WHAT
It means "the thing that", so the antecedent (thing) is included inside the connector
      I told him what he wanted to know (=the thing that he wanted to know)
      I've got what you need
 

Relative clauses of time, place and reason

When the antecedent is a word of time we use WHEN, when it is a word of place we use WHERE and when the antecedent is the word "the reason" we use WHY. In these three cases the antecedent can be removed.
 
      Monday is (the day) when I don’t work
      This is (the place) where I grew up
      That’s (the reason) why I hate her

Items

Gapped text
1- The man is my boss 2- The man lives next to you = ________________________________________________________________________________.
1- The boy is playing football 2- The boy is my son = __________________________________________________________________________________.
1- The car is parked there 2- The car is mine = __________________________________________________________________________.
1- The house is in front of mine 2- The house is very expensive = __________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
1- They all brought some food 2- That was a big help = ________________________________________________________________________________________________.
1- The door was open when we came back home 2- That was strange = ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
1- The boy is Mike 2- The boy has a father who is a doctor = ________________________________________________________________________________.
1- The country is Italy 2- The country has a capital which is Rome = ____________________________________________________________________________________.
1- This is the place 2- I live in this place = ____________________________________________________________.
1- Sunday is the day 2- I rest on Sunday = __________________________________________________________.
1- I was sleeping 2- For that reason, I didn't hear the phone ringing = I was sleeping, ____________________________________________________________________________________.
1- The girl is talking to Susan 2- The girl comes from Kenya = __________________________________________________________________________________________________.
1- The box was in your house 2- The box had many books = ____________________________________________________________________________________________.
1- I saw a box in your house 2- The box was blue = ____________________________________________________________________________________.
1- You know a woman 2- That woman is over there = ________________________________________________________________________.
Total number of items: 15

 

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