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Saxon Genitive - basics 2

Saxon Genitive - basics 2
Activity SmartMemo
Activity SmartMemo
See if you can get the Saxon Genitive right. See the sentence and write the English version. Then check if everything is correct. SPANISH - ENGLISH
 

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Instructions

1- Look at the sentence and try to say the same idea in the other language. 2- Move your mouse over the black button to check your answer. 3- If you were right, click on the green button, if wrong, click on the red.
 

PERSON + 'S + THING
 
We use this form to express possession or relationship when talking about people.

Phoebe has a cat = This is Phoebe's cat

The leg of the chair
The leg of the sheep
Paul's leg

Spelling:

singular noun My father's car
plural noun My parents' house
singular ending in "s" or similar sound Your boss's office / Alice's book (pronounced: /bɒsɪz/ /ælɪsɪz/)
plural not ending in "s" The children's room

The "Person" may be a phrase:

That is the man next door's wife  (Person= the man next door)
Paul and Mary's dog
Henry the Eighth's six wives

Notice:
Paul and Mary's dog = Paul and Mary have a dog, his name is Tobby
Paul's and Mary's dogs = Paul has a dog called Tobby, and Mary has a dog called Dodo

 
    But if the "Person" is a long phrase or sentence, we prefer the construction with OF

         This is the office of Mary and her new boyfriend
         That's the house of the man who was talking to you at the party

    A Saxon genitive can also be the "Person" of another Saxon genitive

        This is Monica's son's toy    (the toy of Monica's son)
        My brother's wife's name is Karen


Careful with the article! 

We only use the article with the Person if the Person has an article:

That's THE BOSS That's THE BOSS's car
That's PETER  That's PETER's car  (not: That's the Peter's car)

Items

Item Match Comments
El amigo de mi padre es de Hawaii My father's friend is from Hawaii
El balón del niño es muy pequeño The boy's ball is very small
El baño de los hombres está a la derecha (men) The men's toilet is to the right
El hijo de la hermana de tu madre es tu primo Your mother's sister's son is your cousin
El nombre del niño era Tom The boy's name was Tom
Ella es la hermana de Annie y de Brian She is Annie and Brian's sister Son tres hermanos. La relación de ella es conjuntamente con Annie y Brian, así que el "poseedor" es "Annie and Brian", con un 's basta para el grupo entero.
Esa es la madre de Tim That's Tim's mother
Esta es la casa de tu profesora This is your teacher's house
Esta es la comida de los niños (boys) This is the boys' food
Esta es la habitación de los profesores This is the teachers' room
Estas son las camas de Tom y de Bill These are Tom's and Bill's beds Tom tiene una cama y Bill tiene otra cama, así que cada uno lleva su propio 's para expresar dos posesiones separadas
Este es el coche del presidente This is the president's car
La hermana de Josh es enfermera Josh's sister is a nurse
La luz de esta habitación es muy fuerte The light of this room is very strong
La luz del sol es cálida The light of the sun is warm
La nariz del señor estaba roja The man's nose was red
La rama (branch) de ese árbol está rota The branch of that tree is broken
Las ventanas de la torre son muy pequeñas The windows of the tower are very small
Los ojos de esos pájaros son pequeños The eyes of those birds are small
No me sé el nombre de todo el mundo I don't know everybody's name
Total number of items: 20

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