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10-D) -Ing form (Smrt English) (Canada) UNIT 10 lesson D

The -ing form of the verb can also be a noun. Read the explanations.

The -ing form of the English verb is used to make continuous tenses:

I study English --> simple present
I am studying English --> present continuous

Tom lived in Rome --> simple past
Tom was living in Rome --> past continuous

We will work here --> simple future
We will be working here --> future continuous

But an -ing form can also be a noun and behave like a noun. In this case, it can go with or without an object.

SUBJECT
noun --> English is easy
-ing --> Loving is easy   /   Loving you is easy

OBJECT
noun --> I like books
-ing --> I like reading   /   I like reading books

COMPLEMENT
noun --> My favourite activity is tennis
-ing --> My favourite activity is reading    /   My favourite activity is reading books

PREPOSITIONAL COMPLEMENT
noun --> Thank you for the present
-ing --> Thank you for waiting    /    Thank you for helping me

WITH POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
noun --> I like your eyes
-ing --> I like your dancing    /    I like your looking at me

VERB AFTER PREPOSITIONS AND CONJUNCTIONS (connectors)
Remember this important rule: After prepositions and conjunctions we use the ing-form of the verb:

after preposition --> Thank you for waiting / He's thinking of going on holiday
after a conjunction --> We had to walk because driving there was impossible.

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