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So / Such - exclamations -Spanish

So / Such - exclamations -Spanish
Activity SmartMemo
Activity SmartMemo
Practise the use of SO and SUCH for exclamations and superlative. SPANISH - ENGLISH
 

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Instructions

1- Look at these sentences and think of how to say that idea in English 2- Move your mouse over the black button to check your answer. 3- If you were right, click on the green button, if wrong, click on the red.
 

Anotaciones en español al final


SO + ADJECTIVE/ADVERB

We use this to make exclamations or to express a superlative idea (that the quality of the adjective/adverb is present in a very big degree).

Exclamation: So big = wow, It's incredible !
You're so beautiful !
That tree is so tall !
This song is so cool, I love it !
Where were you? It's so late !

High degree: so big = very very big.
I like her because she's so nice
The box was so heavy that we had to call some friends to help us move it
Why do you talk so slowly?
 
It can also be used as an emphasizer with: much, many, few, little

Thanks, that's so much better
There were so many people that we couldn't enter
But that's so little !



SUCH  A + (ADJECTIVE) + NOUN
 
It expresses the same idea as SO, but it is used with nouns (with or without a companion adjective)
 
The house is so big = It's such a big house
 
I've never met such a nice person
You'll never see such a beautiful flower again
You've got such strange friends

When we use SUCH for exclamations, we can use SUCH + Noun, but it is much more common to use SUCH + Adjective + Noun:

She is such a girl (correct, but not common)
She is such a nice girl (correct and common)

Such or Such a ?

We can only use the article A with countable singular nouns, so that is the rule, if you can use A you use it, if you can't, well, you don't:

a nice house - such a nice house (cont. sg)
a big tree - such a big tree  (cont. sg)
beautiful flowers - such beautiful flowers  (cont. pl.)
some pretty girls - such pretty girls (cont. pl.)
good wine - such good wine  (uncont.)
bad weather - such bad weather  (uncont.)

 


For Spanish Speakers


SO / SUCH equivalen en español a TAN (exclamativo) o a -ÍSIMO (superlativo), pero las exclamaciones se pueden traducir de muchas maneras según la frase. Veamos ejemplos:

Exclamación: - you're so beautiful! = ¡eres tan bonita!, ¡qué bonita eres!
Superlativo: - I like her, she's so beautiful = me gusta, es guapísima / es preciosa

Wow, that's so big! = ¡caray, es enorme!
He's so patient with her = tiene una paciencia enorme con ella / ¡ tiene más paciencia con ella... !
why do you talk so slowly? = ¿por qué hablas tan despacio?
It's such a big house = es una casa grandísima
That's such a nice horse!= ¡vaya caballo! /¡ menudo caballo que está hecho!
you've got such strange friends = tienes unos amigos rarísimos (=tan raros!)
Your eyes are so big! = qué ojos más grandes tienes

¿Cómo saber cuándo "so big" significa "tan grande" y cuándo significa "grandísimo"?

La respuesta es que no hace falta saberlo, son simplemente dos formas de traducir la misma idea, así que si tienes que traducir, utiliza en español la forma que te suene más natural. Al hablar sí podemos notar una diferencia en la entonación, la misma que en español, cuando hacen entonación de exclamación, ascendente, equivale a nuestro "tan", y si hacen entonación enunciativa, descendente, equivale a nuestro "-ísimo", pero en el fondo viene a ser la misma cosa, solo es cuestión de énfasis.

Items

Item Match Comments
Ayúdame con esta caja, pesa un montón Help me with this box, it's so heavy
Brasil es un país grandísimo Brasil is such a big country
Caray, qué árbol más grande ! Wow, such a big tree!
Eres preciosa You're so beautiful
Es enorme It's so big !
Esa es una canción rarísima That's such a strange song
Esa película es aburridísima That film is so boring aburridísima - tan aburrida
Eso fue un error tan grande que tuvimos que empezar de nuevo That was such a big mistake that we had to start again
Estoy cansadísimo I'm so tired
Estoy tan cansado que no me puedo mover I'm so tired that I can't move
Hay muchísimos árboles aquí There are so many trees here
Hay tan pocas cosas que hacer aquí! There are so few things to do here!
Menudo error ! (use such) That was such a big mistake
Mexico DF es un lugar grandísimo Mexico City is such a big place
Mira el mar, ¡hay tanta agua! Look at the sea, there's so much water!
Mira que flores tan bonitas Look, such beautiful flowers
No podemos ir andando, está lejísimos We can't go walking, that's so far
Pete es un chico altísimo Pete is such a tall boy altísimo / tan alto
Quédate en la cama, es tempranísimo Stay in bed, it's so early
Sí, lo intento, pero es tan difícil Yes, I try, but it's so difficult !
Sois tan buenos amigos! You're such good friends!
Son unos niños altísimos They're such tall boys
Tengo muchísimos amigos I've got so many friends
Tengo tanta hambre que me comería un caballo I'm so hungry I'd eat a horse or: ... that I'd eat a horse
(este THAT que une frases se puede poner o no, hablando se usa poco)
¿Por qué conduces tan rápido? Why do you drive so fast?
Total number of items: 25

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